WEL COME TO DISTRICT INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION & TRAINING, DARRANG
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District Profile

The erstwhile undivided Darrang district was an old administrative unit of Assam. The district of Sonitpur was initially bifurcated from Darrang. Later the new Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) of Udalguri was curved out with major part of Darrnag and some part of Sonitpur.The name of the district appears to have originated from the term Darrang Raja, a branch of Koch Kings. Dharmanarayan was known as the founder of the dynasty of Darrang Rajas. The present Mangaldoi area was at that time known as Darrang Desh, even after annexation of Assam by the British in 1826. It is also believed that, the word Darrang might have been used by the aboriginals of this district, who were of the Tibetan stock. This name may have been borrowed from the Daflas or the Bhutias, whose main duar or pass for coming to the plains from Himalayan ranges lay along the course of Barang river. They called it Duar-ganga, which after corruption to Duaranga may assume the present form of Darranga or Darrang. However, Lt. Mathic, in his report on Darrang district (1835), has observed that Darrang means land of flood and is derived from Dur and Rung possibly Ahom words. This district, which once formed a part of the ancient Kamrupa was ruled by three dynasties viz., the Varmans, the Salastambhas and the Pals. Pushyavarman, who was the first important ruler of Varman dynasty, is quoted to be flourished in the middle of the fourth century A.D. and this dynasty ruled over Kamrupa for about three hundred years. Of this dynasty, Bhaskar Varman (594-650 A.D.) was the greatest monarch even among the most remarkable rulers of ancient India. The dynasty of Salastambha family is believed to have commenced after the end of Bhaskar Varman’s rule. This family was called as Bhaumas of Haruppesvara, which is identified with Tezpur. The kingdom of Kamrupa, after the death of the last king of Salastambha dynasty towards the end of the 10th century, passed into the hands of Brahmapala, the founder of the Pala family and this line of Pala Kings ruled for about one hundred fifty years. The last king of this dynasty was Jaya Pala, who expired in 1138 A.D. Darkness descends on the history of Kamrupa after the fall of the Pala dynasty and next successors. According to records, the Ahom king Suhungmung alias Dihingiya Raja (1497-1539 A.D.), occupied the territories on the north bank of the Brahmaputra in 1505 A.D. when Bar-Bhuyan was ruling there in small principalities. They defeated the Chutiyas in 1523 A.D. The Ahom territory was soon exposed to the Koch and the Muslim invasions. The Muslims invaded the Ahom territory thrice and many decisive battles were fought in Darrang. Soon after this, Biswa Sinha, the first Koch king conquered Darrang and rose to power in about 1515 A.D., where the Bara-Bhuyan still had some semi-independent principalities in several parts of this district. After Biswa Sinha’s death in 1540 A.D, his eldest son Malladev, who assumed the name of Naranarayan, took the throne and his brother Chilarai was appointed as the commander-in-chief. The reign of Naranarayan represents the Zenith of Koch power. They invaded the Ahom territory in 1546 A.D. and rulers of Manipur, Jaintia, Tipperah, Shylet, Khynim and Dimarua, were all brought under subjugation, besides the Ahom king who was also subdued by the Koches. Thereafter, Suklenmung (1539-1552 A.D.) regained the lost territory in Darrang from Koch in a great victory. 10 Naranarayan captured this territory again in 1563 A.D. The entire territory north of the Brahmaputra remained in the hands of Koches. The Ahom king Sukhampa (1552-1603 A.D.), the successor of Suklenmung made vigorous attempts to recover their lost territories. After his death in 1603 A.D, Pratap Sinha ascended the Ahom throne. After Naranarayan’s death in 1584 A.D., quarrel began between his son Laxminarayan and Chilarai’s son Raghudev. Raghudev was succeeded by his son Parikshit, who soon became involved in hostilities. Laxminarayan sought the help of Nawab of Dacca to subdue Parikshit and Parikshit approached Ahom king Pratap Sinha for help but no avail. In 1619 AD., the Mughals defeated Parikshit and his kingdom was annexed to Mughal Empire. Parikshit’s brother Balinarayan sought shelter under Pratap Sinha. In 1616 A.D. Pratap Sinha inflicted a crushing defeat on the invading Muslims on the banks of Bharali and appointed Balinarayan as the protectorate king and the tributary Raja of Darrang in 1616 A.D. with a title Dharmanarayan. The history of Darrang after Balinarayan, centers mainly round the Ahom kings, who began to strengthen their hold on the Darrang Rajas. The struggle between Muslims and Ahoms for capturing each other’s territory started after 1617 A.D. But in 1637 A.D., the Muslims, who were advancing towards Kajali, defeated Ahoms. In the counter offensive, the war ended with a treaty between Muslims and Ahoms, specifying each other’s boundaries. Dharmanarayan succeeded by his son Mahendranarayan, and after his death in 1643, Chandranarayan succeeded him. Chandranarayan shifted his capital to Mangaldoi and successfully resisted the onslaughts of Bhutias. After his death in 1660 A.D., Suryanarayan became the Raja of Darrang under Ahom king Jayadhwaj Sinha, successor of Pratap Sinha. Mir Jumla, the Governor of Bengal made an attack on Assam on 4th January 1662 and captured Gauhati. Jayadhwaj Sinha died in November 1663 and he was succeeded by Chakradhvaj Sinha (1663-1669 A.D.). In 1667 A.D., he recaptured Gauhati and extended their territory to the Manas river and regained Darrang. On hearing this, Aurangzeb sent a big army against Ahom, which reached Rangamahi in February 1669 A.D. and advanced up to Tezpur. But Ahoms gained a decisive victory over Moghals in 1671 A.D. during the reign of Udayadithya, the successor of Chakradvaja Sinha. Mughals retreated to Rangamati. Udayadithya was succeeded by Gadadhar Sinha (1681-1695). The zenith of Ahom power was reached during the reign of Rudra Sinha (1695-1714 ), who succeeded Gadadhar Sinha. But his son Siva Sinha (1714-1744 A.D.) was a weak prince. Indranarayan was the king of Darrang during this period and Ahoms greatly curtailed his powers. Most of the area placed under the direct administration of Ahoms. During the period of Kamaleswar Sinha (1795-1810), who succeeded the Ahom throne in 1795, there was a series of insurrections in several parts. The Daflas and Moamarias rose in rebellion. Burmese invaded Ahom and intruded upon British territory, which led to British intervention. Soon after a war between British and Burmese, the treaty of Yandaboo took place on February 24, 1826, which led to the eventual annexation of Assam to the East India Company and Darrang became part of it. This was tagged with Lower Assam and administered from Gauhati till 1833, when it was separated and erected into a district known as Darrang with head quarter at 11 Mangaldoi. In 1835, the headquarter of the District was shifted to Tezpur. In 1983, when a new District of Sonitpur was created comprising the area of Tezpur Sub-Division, Tezpur became the District headquarter of Sonitpur district and Mangaldoi became the headquarter of Darrang district.

District Highlights 2011 Census
  • In Darrang there are 6 Revenue Circles and 7 CD Blocks which comprises 561 villages including 9 uninhabited villages.
  • In the district, Dalgaon (Pt) Revenue Circle is the most populous having 473585 persons while Khoirabari (Pt) is the least populous Revenue Circle having 8398 persons.
  • Among the CD Block, Sipajhar (Part) CD Block has the highest number of population with 221556 whereas the lowest is found in Khoirabari (Part) CD Block with 8398.
  • The district comprises three (3) towns: 2 Statutory Towns and 1 Census Town. Mangaldoi (MB) is the most populous with 25989 persons while Gerimari Chapori (CT) is the smallest in population with 11004 souls.
  • While the highest number (180) inhabited villages is found in Sipajhar (Part) CD Block and lowest inhabited villages (7) is found in Khoirabari (Pt) CD Block.
  • The largest village by population is Baghpori Chapori with 9927 persons under Pub- Mangaldoi (Pt) CD Block and the smallest village is Mahariadal with 1 person under Sipajhar(Part) CD Block.
  • Important Statistics
    Boundary The Darrang district is bounded by Pachnoi in the east, river Bornoi and Kamrup district in the west, Nagaon district in the South and Udalguri district in the North.
    Land Mass Narrow strip of Plain lying between Himalayas & Brahmaputra River.
    Area 1585.00 Sq.Km.
    Climate, Rainfall & Temperature In Summer season it is experienced by heavy rainfall with high level of humidity. The average annual rainfall is 1500mm (approx) and humidity about 70%-80%. In winter the climate is cold and dry. The cold is intense mainly in December and January. The maximum temperature 26* to 37* C minimum temperature is 9* C ( Approx).
    River & Tributaries River & Tributaries Barnadi,Nonoi,Saktola,Nowanoi,Mangaldai Noi, Bega,Tangni & mighty river Brahmaputra.
    Population
  • Males
  • Females
  • Total
  • 475,273
    453,227
    928,500
    Sex Ratio (Number of females per 1000 males)
  • Rural
  • Urban
  • Total
  • 955
    926
    954
    Literates
  • Males
  • Females
  • Total
  • 67.87%
    58.04%
    63.08%
    Educational Statistics
    Colleges 04. Jr. Colleges 14.
    Higher Secondary Schools 19 High Schools 119
    ME,MV,MEM Schools 154 LP Schools 1096
    Category and management Wise School

    School Category
    Management of School
    Department of Education Govt. Aided (Pvt.) Pvt. Unaided Central Govt. Un-Recognised SSA TG Managed Venture Unaided Tols/Sanskrit tols Madarsa unrecognized
    Primary 1096 - 27 - 50 - 2 17 - -
    Primary with Upper Primary 25 1 48 - - - - - - 1
    Pr. with Up.Pr. sec. and H.Sec. 0 - 2 1 - - - - - -
    Upper Primary only 129 98 - - - - - 11 - 2
    Up. Pr. Secondary and Higher Sec. 18 - - 1 - - - 1 - -
    Pr. Up Pr. and Secondary Only - - 50 - - - - - - -
    Upper Pr. and Secondary 41 1 - - - - - 2 - -
    Secondary Only 71 20 1 - - - - 19 6 1
    Secondary with Higher Secondary 12 - - - - - - - 7 -
    Higher Secondary only/Jr. College 6 8 15 - - - - 5 - -
    K.G.B.V. - - - - - 3 - - - -
    Degree college(XI & XII) 4 - - - - - - - - -
    TOTAL 1402 128 143 2 50 3 2 55 13 4
    Class Wise Enrolment
    Block Wise and Class Wise Enrolment in All School

    Classes
    Sipajhar Kalaigaon Dalgaon Total
    Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
    Ka 1645 1636 1834 1671 3822 3471 7301 6778
    I 2405 2350 3060 2790 10289 9615 15754 14755
    II 2202 2312 2717 2639 8399 8365 13318 13316
    III 2188 2178 2563 2530 7296 7406 12047 12114
    IV 1959 2126 2315 2386 6293 6643 10567 11155
    V 1952 2083 2182 2220 5707 6403 9841 10706
    VI 1892 2020 1897 2064 3870 5104 7659 9188
    VII 1784 1977 1891 1888 3310 4631 6985 8496
    VIII 1783 1834 1846 1897 3035 4428 6664 8159
    IX 2109 1905 1975 1913 2731 3595 6815 7413
    X 1904 1886 1752 1892 2162 2525 5818 6303
    XI 1321 1318 1329 1066 1058 884 3708 3268
    XII 1307 1290 1342 1130 864 736 3513 3156
    Total 24451 24915 26703 26086 58836 63806 109990 114807
    Block Wise and Class Wise Enrolment in Govt./Prov. School

    Classes
    Sipajhar Kalaigaon Dalgaon Total
    Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
    Ka 1019 1150 1037 1042 2371 2414 4427 4606
    I 1789 1866 2257 2233 8947 8626 12993 12725
    II 1692 1909 1991 2091 7248 7582 10931 11582
    III 1651 1792 1915 2069 6354 6688 9920 10549
    IV 1543 1789 1755 1933 5507 6016 8805 9738
    V 1548 1759 1647 1837 4995 5884 8190 9480
    VI 1410 1510 1202 1514 2261 3035 4873 6059
    VII 1314 1463 1263 1396 1970 2894 4547 5753
    VIII 1332 1371 1247 1347 1864 2728 4443 5446
    IX 1697 1569 1114 1111 1873 2434 4684 5114
    X 1496 1529 965 1093 1512 1647 3973 4269
    XI 850 833 485 359 522 450 1857 1642
    XII 847 796 395 350 522 456 1764 1602
    Total 18188 19336 17273 18375 45946 50854 81407 88565
    Block Wise Class Wise Promotion Rate And Dropout Rate
    Enrolment, Teachers and PTR in Govt./Prov. School